There are numerous anti-blemish creams and serums on the market or available from dermatologists that can limit the appearance of liver spots, mostly by fading them and making them lighter. These treatments rely on three types of active ingredients :
- Tyrosinase inhibitors : These are lightening active ingredients that reduce melanin production. Arbutin, L-niacide, kojic acid, glabridin, vitamin C and rucinol are common examples.
- Antioxidants : These repair the damage caused by the sun. Antioxidants are protective and fight against oxidation, which can lead to an increase in skin pigmentation. Vitamins E and C, and polyphenols such as green tea, olive and grape extracts are all good ones. It's also worth boosting your diet with antioxidant foods, too ; be sure to up your intake of blueberries, goji berries, pecans, kidney beans and even dark chocolate.
- Exfoliating active ingredients : These will help the skin regenerate and accelerate cell renewal : look for AHAs and BHAs such as glycolic acid, lactic acid and salicylic acid.